Situation Awareness Reference Architecture S.A.R..A
The Situational Awareness Reference Architecture (SARA) Guide is intended for
industrial facility owners and operators as an open source guide to establishing and maintaining situational awareness. SARA
is broken down into four key areas: Identity; Inventory; Activity; and Sharing. For each of these areas no-cost
open source solutions are provided to allow facility owners and operators of any size or resource level to achieve a complete
set of necessary capabilities. Commercial Solution Provider offer for-cost solutions which enhance each area to allow facility
owners and operators to choose where appropriate options which provide greater functionality, professional support and services.
Society is underpinned by an interdependent infrastructure supporting the services
necessary functions. Systems which provide energy, food, water, goods, services, transportation, communication and other services
rely on the availability of the others. Each of these infrastructure segments are increasingly controlled by cyber systems
which improve their economic and functional effectiveness. These cyber systems bring with them changes to the risks faced
by infrastructure operators and those who depend on them. Addressing these risks requires individual facilities and the aggregate
infrastructure they are part of to improve the ability to maintain situational awareness.
Use of a commonly agreed upon set of <XML> tags that describe data in a consistently recognizable, understandable
meme across cultures, languages, nations and domains -- the province of an information exchange model for example, the (inter)
National Information Exchange Model or NIEM. Common <tags> must be cross-domain effective and able to connect domains,
states, nations -- universally. A shared, common semantic web <tag> repository / template library would greatly enhance
information / data exchange among federated groups – a Rosetta Stone for Cyber Security, Health Care etc., Named-Data
Networking NDN is a next generation net sponsored by the National Science Foundation NSF. Named Data Networking NDN features routing based on content location which would be facilitated by using network
survey and triangulation techniques such as SonarHops and IDMaps. Network Centric Warfare research over seveal decades
has generated message templates and tag libraries containing over 300 XML-MTF message templates that could be repurposed for
OOTW – Operations Other Than War in military speak or commercial domain applications. Tag / Template libraries are a
key to achieving consensus.