"Those who love peace must learn to organize as effectively as those who love war." Martin Luther King Jr. 

FEDERATION: federation (from Latinfoedus, gen.: foederis, "covenant"), characterized by a union of partially self-governing states or regions under a central (federal) government. In a federation, the self-governing status of the component states, as well as the division of power between them and the central government, are typically constitutionally entrenched and may not be altered by a unilateral decision of either party, the states or the federal political body. In a CLOUD COMPUTING FEDERATION, individual users / organizations retain AUTONOMY. 


ORGANIZATIONAL IDENTIFIER <ORG_ID> An organization may establish more than one Org ID, An Organization ID (Org ID) represents a business, nonprofit corporation, or government entity in the ARIN database. The Org ID is defined by a legal name, postal address, and points of contact. IP addresses and AS numbers directly assigned or allocated by ARIN must be associated with an Org ID. Internet Service Providers and other direct allocation holders may also reassign or reallocate IP addresses to an Org ID


Federated Identity Management: federation describes the organization arrangements necessary for interconnection between teams, leagues, and commissions joined to achieve common goals. Federated systems need to interoperate across organizational boundaries and connect processes utilizing different technologies, identity storage, security approaches and programming models. Within a federated system, identities and their associated credentials are still stored, owned and managed separately. Each individual member of the federation continues to manage its own identities, but is focused on sharing and accepting identities and credentials of the group. Within a federated system, an organization needs a standardized and repeatable way of describing services it makes available to teams in leagues and policies by which it runs its operations. Operations are performed as part of group’s activities. Resources available to the group include the health or availability of individuals forming groups where monitoring is performed to ascertain if groups are mission capable or not in context with available resources and whether the group’s location is within a pre-defined geo-spatial range of a given activity or event. The definition of equitable arbitrage is defined by the entities entering the agreement as clauses. Federated identities within a group retain their autonomy and ability to act on their own behalf 


Slide #23: virtual organizations -- using ORG_ID (s), an organization may have >1 for contingency planning:! Network Centric Operations Interoperability Consortium NCOIC Cloud Briefing to Open Geospatial Consortium OGC Crowdclan: New way businesses can leverage the technology – internal employee crowdfunding // CROWDS organized into virtual FEDERATIONS using survey methods, triangulation techniques to identify samples of potentially interested individuals interested in joining adhoc, agile groups in near real time trade arbitrage e.g., Real Time Bidding / Auctions / Voting etc.